In the United States, electricians make on average $55,590 per year. Canadian electricians earn between C$34,656 ($25,841 USD) and C$91,521 ($68,243 USD) per year. Electrician salaries run from £18,000 ($22,365 USD) to £42,000 ($52,186 USD) annually in the United Kingdom and from AU$41,900 ($31,351 USD) to AU$96,755 ($72,393 USD) in Australia. Pay averages CHF42,000 ($41,422 USD) for electricians in Switzerland and NOK456,000 ($53,282 USD) for those in Norway. Read below how the nature of the electrical industry, experience and location of work determine the electrician salary.
Electrician Salary Influencers
The compensation of electricians turns significantly on whether the electrician is self-employed or works for a contractor or company. The type of employer or customer for whom the electrician serves also plays a role in salaries and bonuses. Pay can also increase due to overtime work, especially in responding to power outages or emergencies.
Electricians work for contractors, power companies and especially larger companies as in-house electricians. Many own their own business. For example, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics says ten percent of electricians are self-employed. For these electricians, compensation depends on the fees they set and jobs they fetch.
On average, industrial electricians tend to make more than electricians overall.
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Electrician Salary in the US
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, electricians earn on average $55,590 per year. Within the top ten percent earners, pay exceeds $88,130 per year. In fact, one in four electricians makes $68,540 per year.
Electrician Salary in Canada
PayScale reports that electricians in Canada make between C$34,656 and C$91,521 per year. The average is $29.13 per hour, or C$60,590 per year. For industrial electricians, the range is C$44,560 to C$88,542 per year, with an average of C$63,086 per year, or C$33.03 per hour.
Electrician Salary in the UK
According to the National Career Service, the salary for starting electricians runs from £18,000 to £23,000 per year. In the “Experienced” category, electricians make between £25,000 and £35,000 per year. “Highly Experienced” electricians typically can earn as much as £42,000 per year.
Electrician Salary in Australia
PayScale says electricians in Australia are paid from AU$41,900 to AU$96,755. The average stands at AU$30.24 per hour, or AU$62,899 per year. For industrial electricians, annual pay averages AU$72,765, translating to $34.94 per hour. Earnings for these electricians spans from AU$55,074 to AU$114,518 per year.
Electrician Salary in Switzerland
According to SalaryExplorer, Swiss electricians earn on average CHF3,500 per month, or CHF42,000 per year. Employees in the “Construction/Building/Installation” sector overall make CHF6,302 monthly, or CHF72,620 per year.
Electrician Salary in Norway
Statistics Norway reports that monthly earnings for electricians, electrical and electronic equipment mechanics and filters average NOK38,000. This translates to an annual pay of NOK456,000.
Typically, electricians obtain work experience through apprenticeships. In these programs, aspiring electricians perform tasks under the supervision of licensed electricians. Some apprentices may also be able to combine classroom work with on-the- job training. However, the length of apprenticeships vary by country. For example, in the United States, electricians spend typically four to five years as an apprentice. For each year, the apprentice must log normally 144 hours of technical training and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job work. In Ontario, Canada, the length of time is five years, or 9,000 hours.
On-the-job training is normally a prerequisite to become a licensed electrical contractor in most jurisdictions. Additionally, experience after becoming licensed or completing an apprenticeship can factor into pay for electricians. Self-employed electricians rely on advertising their length of experience to attract customers and clients.
Generally, being an electrician is a full-time occupation. Electricians typically work regular week day shifts. However, evening and weekend work is not uncommon. In particular, self-employed electricians and those who work for electrical contractors need to be on call to respond to outages or other problems at residences, offices or commercial establishments. During severe weather and other events likely to cause power loss, electricians employed by power companies may have significant overtime and irregular work hours.
Self-employed electricians typically enjoy more flexibility in setting their work hours. Also, with control over fees and rates, electricians who own their business may charge higher rates for after-hours work.
Bonuses & Benefit Packages
To restore power or respond to localized outages, electricians often work overtime. For example, overtime pay runs from C$29.52 to C$77.13 in Canada and AU$30.33 to AU$71.47 in Australia. Overtime pay for Norwegian electricians averages NOK1,300 per month.
Depending on the employer, especially the size, electricians can earn bonuses. According to PayScale, bonuses for electricians in the United Kingdom range between £257.61 and £6,787. In Australia, bonuses run between AU$800 and AU$12,800, while Canadian electricians can make between C$300 and C$9,000. Bonuses for electricians in the United States run between $302.30 and $8,047 per year, reports PayScale. Statistics Norway reports that bonuses average NOK400 per month, translating to NOK4,800 on an annual basis.
Electricians who work for small contractors might not obtain retirement or pensions. However, in Switzerland and Norway, employees are entitled to pension funded by employers. Switzerland mandates employer participation at one of three levels of the Swiss retirement system. Additionally, in Australia, employees of electrical contractors participate in superannuation, which sets aside 9.5 percent of earnings for retirement.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics projects an additional 85,900 electrician jobs, or 14 percent growth, by 2024. In Australia, job openings for electricians could exceed 50,000 by November 2019. The Australian government expects employment to grow “very strongly.” The Canadian Business Magazine says that, from 2016 to 2021, there should be more than one opening per seeker for electrical and telecommunications contractors.
Job prospects will depend upon economic conditions. With increases in new home construction comes demand for electricians’ services. Conversely, where the new housing market constricts, electricians may have fewer jobs or contracts to fulfill. Electricians can also find opportunities for building owners or others who seek to renovate buildings. In fact, these projects will trigger the need for electricians to bring the older buildings into compliance with updated or new building or electrical codes. To read more about the pay in the field of constructions, discover the salary of structural engineers.
To conclude, electricians undergo apprenticeships and other training to earn licenses or qualifications to work for electric companies or contractors. With a license, an electrician can become self-employed and set their own rates. Pay prospects can be strong for those electricians employed by larger companies or work as industrial electricians.